The dates for Chandra Grahan in 2016 are March 23 and September 16-17. If Chandra Grahan can diminish the energy of Moon, then somehow it also affects everyone’s life. What are those effects and how to minimize them? Read on this article of Chandra Grahan 2016, to know more about Lunar eclipse in 2016.
Lunar eclipse or Chandra Grahan occurs two or three times a year. Chandra Grahan is observed only on the full-Moon day. It happens when Moon comes directly behind the earth, under its shadow in our solar system. There are different positions of Moon (Chandra) and earth, in our solar system that are responsible for lunar eclipse (Chandra Grahan).
Full Moon: Full Moon occurs when Moon comes directly opposite to Sun, or they differ by an angle of 180 degrees. Our natural satellite or Moon rotates around the earth in a period of 29.5 days, i.e. a month’s period. In fact, the name ‘month’ of 30 days period is inspired by Moon’s rotation around earth. The Full Moon occurs once in every month. But, lunar eclipse or Chandra Grahan is not observed every month because of different orbital angles of earth, Sun, and Moon.
Types Of Lunar Eclipse Or Chandra Grahan
Lunar eclipse or Chandra Grahan is divided into three categories:
- Penumbral lunar eclipse
- Partial lunar eclipse and
- Total lunar eclipse
Now, let’s understand them in detail.
Penumbral Lunar Eclipse
Penumbral lunar eclipse (Khand Chaya Yukta Chandra Grahan) occurs when Sun, Moon, and earth, do not form a perfect straight line. Moon comes under the effect of earth’s shadow, but some of Moon’s part still receives the direct sunlight. This type of Grahan or eclipse is hard to observe.
Partial Lunar Eclipse
Partial lunar eclipse (Anshik Chandra Grahan) occurs when a part of the Moon comes under the effect of umbral (the innermost and darkest part of the earth known as umbra) shadow of earth. We can also say that, when some part of Moon, still not fully under the effect of umbral shadow of earth.
Total Lunar Eclipse
Total lunar eclipse (Sampurna Chandra Grahan) occurs when the entire Moon comes under the effect of umbral shadow of earth, or the Moon is completely covered by the earth. The observer from the night side of earth is able to view the Grahan or eclipse clearly.
In the month of April in 2016 also, Moon will undergo all these positions and a total lunar eclipse will be observed.
Lunar Eclipse Or Chandra Grahan In 2016
We will observe Chandra Grahan in 2016 (Lunar eclipse in 2016) twice, in the months of March and September, 2016.
For more information, refer to the table given below on Chandra Grahan or Lunar eclipse in 2016.
|Date||Type Of Eclipse in 2016||Visible In India||Areas in which Grahan will be visible||Time (IST)
(Start – Mid – End)
|March 23, 2016||Penumbral Lunar Eclipse||Only ending is visible||Much of Asia, Australia, North America, Much of South America, Pacific, Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Arctic, Antarctica,||15:07 – 17:07 – 19:27|
|September 16-17, 2016||Penumbral Lunar Eclipse||Yes||Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa, West in South America, Pacific, Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Arctic, Antarctica, India||22:23 – 00:24 – 26:26|
Legend Of Chandra Grahan
The legend associated with the Chandra Grahan (Lunar Eclipse) reveals the actual reason for its existence. This will also make us understand the reason for occurrence of Chandra Grahan in 2016.
According to the Matsya Purana
at the time of Samudra Manthan (churning of ocean), everything which came out from the ocean was distributed equally among the gods and demons. When Amrit (drink of immortality) came out from the ocean, all the gods and demons got anxious for drinking it. But, gods had to take care that no demon would be able to consume the divine nectar (Amrit). If this would have happened, the demons would become immortal, which was not in favor of establishment of peace on earth.
For this reason, Lord Vishnu played a trick and transformed himself in the form of a beautiful lady called Mohini. All the demons got attracted; they asked Mohini (Lord Vishnu) to offer them Amrit, as they wanted to drink Amrut (divine nectar) from the hands of a beautiful lady.
Mohini accepted the proposal, as Lord Vishnu transformed himself in the form of Mohini for this reason only. She offered some ordinary liquid to demons and the real Amrit to gods. A demon named Swarbhanu observed and understood the trick, he sat with the gods in between Lord Sun and Lord Moon.
When Swarbhanu was receiving Amrit, Lord Sun and Lord Moon recognized him and they immediately stopped Lord Vishnu (Mohini). Lord Vishnu cutted down his head from his body, in order to destroy him. But, by then, he had already consumed some amount of Amrit. Swarbhanu’s head portion is known as Rahu and his body is known as Ketu.
According to the stories, Swarbhanu believes that Sun and Moon are responsible for his present condition and thus, sometimes he appears in form of Rahu to hold Sun and Moon in his mouth, which results in Grahan or Eclipse.
Reason For Closing Of Temples During Grahan
The pure and divine energy of Sun and Moon provides energy to earth. The deities in all the temples are placed in such a position that the first ray of Sun and Moon touches their feet. During Grahan, the energies of Sun and Moon comes under the affect of evil powers of Rahu. So, the temples are remain closed for avoiding the effect of these evil powers on them.
What Is Sutak In Chandra Grahan
Sutak is a certain duration of time before the period of Grahan or Eclipse. In Chandra Grahan, Sutak is generally observed for 9 hours (3 Pahar). This time is considered as inauspicious, as it is believed that during this time, the atmosphere gets adulterated with harmful energies of Rahu and Ketu.
Starting any new work, drinking, and eating, etc. are some of the activities that should be avoided during Sutak and eclipse. Pregnant ladies have to take extra care during Sutak and eclipse; they are not allowed to go outside, cutting any paper or cloth, eating and drinking, etc. as it is believed that it may harm the baby inside their womb.
Astrological Significance Of Chandra Grahan
New Moon and Full Moon have different significances. While new Moon is the beginning of the waxing phase of lunar cycle, on the other hand, Full Moon is the beginning of waning phase.
Moon grows in size and its light increases after new Moon. People use the increasing energy of Moon in growing crops or planting seeds. The things we start during this time have a tendency to grow. New contacts made, new things purchased or new things we start during this period, tend to last for long.